ENHANCING SERVICE DELIVERY: A REVIEW OF SOUTH AFRICAâ€™S DUAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM
The challenges of delivering services to communities at the local government level in South Africa are well-documented .There are a number of factors and reasons provided by scholars and politicians to explain the phenomenon. This article makes the argument that the multiple tiers of local government could also be a contributory factor. Having three categories of municipalities (Metropolitan, District and Local) in addition to provincial government, complicates and contributes towards service delivery inefficiencies. This is particularly the case with respect to district and local municipalities which operate in the same geographical area. The constitutional framework and the rationale for the current system of local government ought to be reviewed with the view of enhancing service delivery. More specifically, the relevance of district municipalities needs to be critically addressed with the view of reducing the number of tiers of local government. Consequently, the paper proposes an amalgamation of local municipalities in a district into much larger structures which hopefully will maximize economies of scale.Â Â
African National Congress. 2010. Provincial & Local Government Review Discussion Paper.
Akume, A.T. 2013. "Egalitarianism, Traditional Authority and Local Governance in Nigeria: A Reflection." Journal of African and Asian Studies â€“ An Open Access International Journal, Vol. 2. Pp. 28-37
Atkinson, D., T. van der Watt & W. Fourie. 2003. The Role of District Municipalities: Final Report. Hologram Project. HSRC & Eden District Municipality.
Auditor-General South Africa. 1 June 2016. Media Release
Bekker, S., S. Buthelezi, C. Manona, B. Mlambo & A. van Zyl. 1997. "Local government transition in five Eastern seaboard towns". Politikon: South African Journal of Political Studies, 24:1, Pp. 38-56
Bond, P. 2014. "The Political Economy of Water Management: Neoliberalism and social resistance in South Africa." CCS Seminar, Durban water and sanitation polices, projects and politics
Booysen, S. 2001. "Beyond the Ballot and the Brick: Continuous Dual Repertoires in the Politics of Attaining Service Delivery in South Africa?" in Lennan, Anne and Barry Munslow (eds.) The Politics of Service Delivery. The Wits P&DM Government Series. Wits University Press, Johannesburg.
Cameron, R. 2006. "Local government boundary reorganization." In Udesh Pillay, et al (Eds.) Democracy and Delivery: Urban Policy in South Africa. HSRC Press, Cape Town. Pp. 76 â€“ 106
Chamane, M. 19 March 2015. "Recycling facility construction halted by intergovernmental disputes." Global Alliance of Waste Pickers. Online:
Community Law Centre. 2008. Redefining the Political Structure of District Municipalities. Local Government Project, University of the Western Cape.
Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996
Department of Cooperative Government and Traditional Affairs 2009. The State of Local Government in South Africa Department of Provincial and Local Government. 2008. 15 Year Review Report on the state of Intergovernmental Relations Review Report.
De Visser, J. 2005. Developmental Local Government: A Case Study of South Africa. Antwerpern- Oxford.
De Visser, J. 2010. "The political-administrative interface in South African municipalities assessing the quality of local democracies." Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance, Special issue, Bahamas. Pp. 86-101
Economic Commission for Africa. 2007. Harnessing Traditional Governance in Sothern Africa.
Everatt, D. 2010. "Participationâ€¦for what Purpose? Analysing the Depth and Quality of Public Participation in the IntegratedDevelopment Planning Process in Gauteng." Politikon, 37 (2-3), 223-249
Fin24. 4 March 2016. Municipalities Write Off R574m as Bad Dept. online:
Harrison, P. 2006. "Integrated development plans and Third Way politics". Democracy and Delivery: Urban Policy in South Africa. HSRC Press, Cape Town. Pp. 186-207.
IOL News.11 March 2010. Everything is in Turmoil Right Now. Online:
IOL News, 15 May 2015. 14 740 Service Delivery Protests in 2014/15. Online:
Lawless, A. 2008. "Numbers and needs in local government". South African Institute of Civil Engineers. Municipal Focus. March 19, 2015. "Mergers". Online: http:www.municipalfocus.co.za
Local Government: Municipal Finance Management Act, 56 of 2003
Local Government: Municipal Systems Act, 2000 (Act 32 of 2000)
Masiko-Kambala, P. 2011. Local Politics and Factionalism: local government as a site of contestation. Online: http://www.afesis.org.za/local-governnce/local-governance articles/148-local-politics-and-factionalism-local-government-as-a-site-of contestation.html
Mail and Guardian.01 July 2011. Rank and file at odds with ANC leaders. Online:
Municipal Focus. March 19, 2015. "Mergers". Online: http:www.municipalfocus.co.za
Naidu, R. Public Participation and Ward Committees. Unpublished
News24. 29 April 2010. Msunduzi Expects R600 mln Shortfall. Online:
News24. 20 May 2015. Stripped of Power. Online:
NokengTsaTaemane Local Municipality and Independent Municipal and Allied Trade Union vs Metsweding District Municipality and others (2003) 3 JS227 (LCSA)
Palmer, I. 2011. "An Assessment of the performance of district municipalities." In the Municipal Demarcation Board. The First Decade of The Municipal Demarcation Board Reflections on demarcating local government in South Africa.
Pieterse, E. 2007. "South African Local Governance: Ambitions, Experiences and Challenges." In Trilateral Dialogue on the Role of Local Government within a Developmental State: planning workshop with experts from Brazil, India and South Africa. 26th February â€“ 3rd March 2007 (Germany)
Piper, L. and N. Chanza. 2006. "Too 'Raw' to Represent: The Marginalization of Youth in Msunduzi Ward Committees." In Buccus, Imraan. Et al (eds.) Critical Dialogue: Public Participation in Review. Vol. 2 (2). Pp. 18-23
Polunic, J. 2000. The Transformation of Local Government in KwaZulu-Natal. Unpublished
Pretorius, D. and W. Schurink. 2007. "Enhancing Service Delivery in Local Government: The Case of a District Municipality." SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 5(3). Pp. 19-29.
Shaidi, E.W. 2013. Investigation into Causes of Service Delivery Protests in Municipalities: A Case Study of Nelson Mandela Bay. Unpublished
Stanton, A. 2009. Decentralization and Municipalities in South Africa: An Analysis of the Mandate to Deliver Basic Services. University of KwaZulu-Natal.
Smith, T. 2008. The Role of Ward Committees in Enhancing Participatory Local Governance and Development in South Africa: Evidence from Six Ward Committee Case Studies. Community Law Centre.
Thornhill, C. 2008. "The Transformed Local Government System: Some Lessons." Journal of Public Administration. Vol. 43, No.3.2.Pp. 492-511
Van Der Byl, C. "Background Paper: Local Government" in Twenty Year Review: South
Van Donk, M. and E. Pieterse. 2006. "Reflections on the Design of a Post-Apartheid System of (Urban) Local Government." In Udesh Pillay, et al (eds.) Democracy and Delivery: Urban Policy in South Africa. HSRC Press, Cape Town. Pp. 107- 134
Van Ryneveld, P. 2006. "The development of policy on the financing of municipalities". Democracy and Delivery: Urban Policy in South Africa. HSRC Press, Cape Town. Pp. 157-184
Wunsch, J.S. 1998. "Decentralization, Local Governance and the Democratic Transition in Southern Africa: A Comparative Analysis. African Studies Quarterly. Vol. 2 (1). Pp. 21- 45
Zybrands, W. 2001. "Local government." In Albert Venter (Ed.). Government and Politics in the New South Africa. Van Schaik Publishers, Pretoria. Pp. 203-232